Canoeing in South Africa refers to racing kayaks (K1, K2, K3 or K4 – where the ‘K’ refers to a person kayaking while using a paddle with two blades). Whitewater canoeing includes marathons on rivers such as the Dusi, Umkomaas and Fish. As these are done in modified sprint boats that are inherently unstable and breakable, and the nature of the race does not allow for looking after one another in a group, individual skills are important. It is therefore highly recommended that marathon paddlers complete a swiftwater rescue course. [link to SWR]